By David A. Peterson
This ebook offers the 1st systematic typological research of applicatives throughout African, American Indian, and East Asian languages. it's also the 1st to handle their features in discourse, the derivation in their semantic and syntactic homes, and the way and why they've got replaced through the years.
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Extra info for Applicative Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory)
B. ’ The Wrst sentence uses a beneWciary/recipient applicative construction, the second does not. 3 A partial exception to the generalization that beneWciary/recipient applicative constructions are obligatory is seen in Tzotzil. Although (9) shows that for clauses containing a recipient, an applicative construction must be used, speciWcally beneWciary objects in Tzotzil are only optionally coded via the applicative construction, and may instead have an oblique instantiation in which the beneWciary is expressed as the possessor of a relational noun; see (11).
A-tan-naak] naam khaa ka-hmu? ’ Finally, Hakha Lai has no valence-aVecting constructions which target objects, such as passive or antipassive, which would allow us to distinguish between multiple objects of applicative verbal complexes. 4. For each applicative construction type, the ability of the base and applicative objects to display a particular object property is evaluated. It is clear that in these constructions, except in the case of instrumental applicatives, there is a tendency for the applicative object to display the object properties, often in strong preference to or to the exclusion of the base object.
So, the one formal marker type and the multiple formal marker type of applicative are not mutually exclusive; the two types can co-occur in a single language. One possible perspective on these systems is that these are multiple applicative systems which simply have one Morphosyntactic and Semantic Variation 45 applicative as the default type. 1 It might be asked in such cases what the motivation is for treating applicative constructions marked with identical morphological pieces as independent constructions.
Applicative Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) by David A. Peterson