By Brian C. Black Ph.D., Richard Flarend
As this booklet makes transparent, civilization can't lengthy proceed to journey on an oil slick. world wide, many of us have come to determine dependence on coal, and particularly on oil, not just as unsustainable, yet as profoundly destabilizing, either environmentally and politically. whereas ever-increasing calls for stay put on "mainstream" power assets, ordinary makes an attempt were made to generate strength in "alternative" methods. After retracing a few of these efforts, this succinct and traditionally proficient quantity explores the continuing debate over substitute power that accrued power within the twentieth century, exhibiting how that discuss mirrors higher attitudes towards power and intake. Like different volumes during this sequence, substitute strength is designed to supply fabric for scholar studies and debate arguments. it's a superb sourcebook for these attracted to investigating the issues and customers of other fuels.
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Extra resources for Alternative Energy (Historical Guides to Controversial Issues in America)
Thus the cost of an expanded electric grid is modest. Such large electricity-based networks would also increase the impact of renewable energies like wind and solar, because it is likely that the wind would be blowing somewhere in the country at any given time, producing energy that would be available to someone anywhere in the country. It also allows solar energy to be collected in regions with plentiful sunshine and then consumed in regions with less sunshine. The shortcomings of an expanded electric grid is that it does not offer any inherent energy storage.
The cost of the raw energy is important. Wind and sunlight are free, whereas natural gas is very expensive. Complicating this even more is the cost to build and maintain the power plant. Since electricity can be produced from so many different raw energy sources, electric utilities are very prone to shopping around for the lowest price for wholesale electricity. If the price of natural gas rises, then utilities will purchase less electricity from that source and more from sources like coal, wind, and nuclear.
Photochemical smog and ground-level ozone are mostly problems in cities, where they are made worse by warm weather. Smog is a combination of smoke and fog in which the solid particulates in smoke are suspended in the fog. Ground-level ozone is the result of a series of chemical reactions that occur in the atmosphere, starting with the emission of VOCs and NOx, particularly from vehicles. This ground-level ozone is bad, and very different from the good stratospheric ozone that is needed to protect the Earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation.
Alternative Energy (Historical Guides to Controversial Issues in America) by Brian C. Black Ph.D., Richard Flarend