By Robert J. Alexander
In this quantity, Alexander sketches the historical past of geared up hard work within the nations of Uruguay and Paraguay. He covers such issues because the position of equipped hard work within the economics and politics of those international locations and their family members with the overseas exertions circulate. it really is in keeping with broad own contacts of the writer with the hard work events over nearly part a century. it could actually look strange initially to have either one of those nations in a single quantity simply because there doesn't exist wherever else in Latin the United States such ancient political disparity among neighboring nations as that among Uruguay and Paraguay. although regardless of the political contrasts, there are specific similarities within the historical past of the exertions routine of those republics.
In either Uruguay and Paraguay, the earliest businesses to be based by means of the staff have been mutual gain societies, instead of alternate unions. yet in either international locations, alternate unions which sought to guard their contributors opposed to employers started to appear. via the early years of the twentieth century, those unions started to call for that employers negotiate with them, and there have been a growing number of moves, trying to make those calls for powerful. there have been quickly efforts to collect some of the alternate unions into broader neighborhood, nationwide, and foreign hard work organizations.
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Extra info for A History of Organized Labor in Uruguay and Paraguay
Interview with Emilio Frugoni, leader of Partido Socialista del Uruguay, in Montevideo, November 25, 1946. 76. “Labor Parlementaria del Dr. d. 77. Acuña, op. , page 12. 78. Ibáñez’s biography of Frugoni, op. cit. 79. New York Times, December 7, 1930; see also Francisco R. d. 80. Pintos, Batlle y El Proceso Histórico del Uruguay, op. , pages 80– 89. 81. Rama in Jorge Batlle (editor), op. , pages 41–42. 82. , page 43. 83. , page 45. 84. , pages 55–56. 85. Interview with José Maselli, secretary of FORU, in El Sol, official newspaper of Partido Socialista del Uruguay, April 27, 1922.
Some idea of the attitudes of the party can be gained from the type of items carried in Justicia in its early days. ”103 It ran Eugene V. S. 104 It carried a series of articles on “El Latifundismo,” urging agrarian reform. It had a article on Montevideo’s bad housing conditions, 105 another against the extension of grazing land at the expense of farming and farmers, 106 and a series on the Socialist regime in Austria. 107 Justicia naturally had very good coverage of Socialist Party news. It carried the party’s election platform for 1919, which included demands for action against the high cost of living, particularly through abolition of taxes on consumer goods; limitation of rents; prohibition of speculation in articles of prime necessity; and abolition of patents.
As one result, most of the foreignowned packinghouses went out of business—two of which were converted into worker-owned cooperatives. By the 1970s, the large packinghouse in Montevideo’s Cerro district had disappeared, to be only partly replaced by a smaller slaughterhouse in the interior of the country. ws/blogs/ChrisRedfield Uruguayan Organized Labor after World War II 45 Uruguayan grazing also lagged behind technologically.
A History of Organized Labor in Uruguay and Paraguay by Robert J. Alexander