By Robert J. Alexander
Bolivia was once the heart level for essentially the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, one who happened amid a sea of great political instability. the growth of geared up hard work that happened in the course of the Nineteen Twenties was once met with a number of govt reprisals and was once principally curbed via the Chaco struggle with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being forced to function illegally, the hard work circulate discovered help in different political events, the main winning of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the extraordinary upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background throughout the 20th century, Alexander strains the relative successes of Bolivia's exertions unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the alluring historical past of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Bolivia used to be the heart level for the most very important Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, person who happened amid a sea of great political instability. the growth of equipped hard work that happened throughout the Twenties used to be met with a number of govt reprisals and was once mostly curbed by means of the Chaco battle with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being pressured to function illegally, the exertions circulate chanced on aid in numerous political events, the main winning of which used to be the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the impressive upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background in the course of the 20th century, Alexander strains the relative successes of Bolivia's hard work unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the eye-catching heritage of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Alexander explains how the hard work flow advanced within the framework of a number of political alterations, together with: the short presidency of significant Gualberto Villarroel which started in December 1943 and lasted simply and a part years; the Bolivian nationwide Revolution which begun on April nine, 1952; the onset of agrarian reform in 1952; the overthrow of the innovative regime in November 1964
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Mitchell said t h a t at its establishment it w a s "expressing one current of middle-class opinion in the aftermath of the Chaco War defeat. . " 1 1 The Falange never had any significance in the organized labor movement. POLITICS FROM VILLARROEL TO THE BOLIVIAN NATIONAL REVOLUTION The P e n a r a n d a government w a s overthrown by a coup in December 1943, carried out by young army officers a n d the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, installing into the presidency Major Gualberto Villarroel.
9 5 . Lora, 1969, op. , page 2 8 2 . 96. , page 2 6 3 . 97. Christopher Mitchell, The Legacy of Populism in Bolivia: From the MNR to Military Rule, Praeger, New York, 1977, page 13. 98. Interview with Adolfo Paco Carega, member of Executive Committee of Confederacion Sindical de Trabajadores de Bolivia, in La Paz, May 24, 1947. 99. Interview with Tristan Marof, op. , May 26, 1947. 100. Interview with Aurelio Alcoba, member of Executive Committee of Confederacion Sindical de Trabajadores de Bolivia, in La Paz, May 2 9 , 1947.
Like the "massacre of Iquique" in Chile, it was never forgotten and came to symbolize both the oppression to which the workers were subject and their valor in resisting that oppression. RAILROAD WORKERS* ORGANIZATION Another area in which unions developed by the third decade of the twentieth century, and where they were to play a major role in the Bolivian labor movement, was that of the railroaders. By the end of World War I, railways had been built connecting most of the country's major urban centers, La Paz, Sucre, Oruro, Potosi, and Cochabamba.
A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia by Robert J. Alexander